Here is what and how I feed my worms based on my indoor worm bin.
My Red wigglers depend on my diet for their diet. So I try to buy foods that I know are good for me and good kitchen scraps for them. We are compatible in that I’ve read not to add meats to the worm bin which I seldom eat anyway. I do enjoy dairy but I don’t share dairy products with the worms. I’ve also been warned not to add high amounts of citrus to the worm bin and so I don’t. There is a controversy over sharing egg shells. I can see the point. It would seem to “cut” very easily. Egg shells are a good slug deterrent around crops such as strawberries for this very reason. Slugs and worms do tend to have the same type of body texture and so I would agree not to add egg shells although I did once but I ground them up so small that the texture was like sand. I just simply avoid them altogether now that I’ve been alerted to the controversy.
My Personal Worm Food Ingredients:
1) Fruits & Veggies: Pretty much all vegetables & fruits, peels and cores included although I do avoid giving them bananas simply because the worm bin is in my kitchen and I just think it would invite trouble if I did. It’s just my hunch. Try it if you feel content.
2) Starches: pasta, rice, crackers, bread, cereals
3) Fiber: shredded newspaper, cardboard, egg cartons, coffee filters
4) Treats: Dry coffee grounds, tea bags (w/o staples), dead flowers and plants
I aim for a 50% Fiber – 50% Kitchen Scrap Diet
It is stated that 1 lb. of worms need at least 1/2 lb. of food daily.
I don’t measure or get too scientific. Maybe you will want to.
I chop/mince and add droplets of water to my kitchen scraps to make worm food. I read that if your worm food is mushy enough for an infant to eat then it is mushy enough for a worm to eat. The quicker the worms eat, the quicker the worms poop; and it’s true. The worms eat faster and the worms poop faster.
I add a minimum amount of kitchen scraps in slightly larger chunks so that these food particles will break down over time creating a type of worm food reserve that they can rely on in the event that I’m late feeding them.
I try to control this wet mushiness with a balance of dryness for healthy worm nutrition and worm bin environment. Worms need a bit of grit in their diet so I add dry used coffee grinds, toast crumbs, etc; even a few crumbs of dirt from time to time. I crumble up some dead plant leaves, mostly from last year’s garden, and place them on top of the wet mushy worm food to control dampness, prevent soil gnats and add even more worm food as it slowly breaks down. The worms like this.
I tuck them all in with a slightly damp newspaper, while other times I leave this newspaper dry, depending on the overall dampness that was already occurring or not in the worm community. Sometimes I add small pieces of newspaper on top of this.